Rabies isn't the only disease transmitted from animals to humans. In fact, you and your pet may share more diseases than you may realize. Fortunately, it's easy to avoid these diseases or conditio ...View Article
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ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
Lower urinary tract disease is a common problem in cats, especially males. Inappropriate urinations can be a urinary tract disease or a behavior issue common to both males and females.There are things you can do to help prevent problems.
Giardia is a microscopic parasite that can cause vomiting and diarrhea. It can infect dogs, cats and people and is transmitted through fecal contamination.
Animals that are housed in groups such as shelters, pets stores, and dog parks can be prone to picking up Giardia. Dogs that go hiking, or cats that go outside, can be exposed to Giardia by drinking water from ponds and steams.
A stool sample from your dog or cat should be tested for routine parasites including Giardia. Most pets do fine with treatment, however occasionally it can become a chronic condition.
Our pets are more sensitive to the effects of caffeine than people. The ingestion of moderate amounts of coffee grounds, tea bags, or one to two diets pills can easily be fatal to small animals. Although, a couple of laps of coffe, tea, or soda won't harm most pets. Symptoms of caffeine toxicity are: mild to severe hyperactivity, restlessness, vomiting, rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, tremors, fever, seizures, and collapse. Your pet should be seen by a veterinarian if ingestion occurs, especially since symptoms can take two hours to occur.
If possible, the stinger should be removed. For the single sting at home, and if no allergic reaction exists, you can apply cool compresses and monitor your pet closely. If an allergic reaction or if stung multiple times your pet should immediately be tran
sported to the hospital. No time should be wasted searching for stingers and removing them, since 100% of bee venom is delivered within sixty seconds of being stung. Allergic reactions are: low blood pressure, hives, difficulty breathing, itchiness, and possible collapse. Most stings are solitary and animals are able to recover.
Many over the counter cold medications contain pseudoephedrine, a drug similar to amphetamines. This can lead to stimulation of the cardiovascular system and the central nervous system (CNS). Most common symptoms include: hyperactivity, agitation, panting, fever, hypertension, rapid heart rate, head bobbing, and enlarged pupils. Many are life threatning signs. Symptoms can persist for up to 72 hours. You should not give ANY over the counter medications without asking your veterinarian. Your pet needs to be seen immediately if they ingest pseudoephedrine.
Pet owners often don't recognize heat trauma. Often they mistake a pets heat trauma for general lethargy. Heat exhaustion, heat cramps and other less serious heat related injuries can be difficult to detect in pets but are considered emergencies. Often following activity in excess heat pets are thought to be "tired" rather than suffering from heat trauma.
Heat stroke typically occurs as a result of either too much muscle activity or being in too hot an environment or a combination of both. Heat stroke in animals is more common in dogs then in cats. Dogs with heat stroke generally have bright red mucous membranes, will be panting heavily, will be weaker or collapsed, and show altered mentation. It is a life threatening condition, which affects all the tissues and organs in the body.
Typical treatment for heat stroke in pets include rapid cooling, intense fluid therapy to aid perfusion, rehydration, and finally management of secondary complications that may include coagulopathy, sepsis, severe infection and failure of the kidneys, liver, bone marrow or brain.
Prevention is always the best medicine. The number one rule is never;ever;never leave an animal in a car regardless of the temperature ouside. Numer two; pets should always have access to clean fresh water. Number three; do not push a pet to over exert. If the pet is slowing down or lagging behind it is time to stop, rest, and drink water.
Another common heat related condition is damage to a pet's pads when they walk on hot cement, asphalt, or pool decks.
Burns from hose water are also a concern. Hoses that have been lying in the sun for long periods of time may have extremely hot water in them and when initially turned on can create burns.
Heat related illness should always be treated as an emergency and your pet brought to the nearest veterinarian hospital.
Running into the store for "just a minute" can be fatal for a dog in a car.
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